Search > Search Results > Chaim Gelbord, native of Kovno (Kaunas): his testimony on hi ...
|Catalog No.||6347||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Chaim Gelbord, native of Kovno (Kaunas): his testimony on his experiences in the Kovno ghetto and Riga ghetto||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20743ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||עדותו של חיים גלבורד, יליד קובנה, על קורותיו בגטו קובנה ובגטו ריגה||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|From Date||08/02/1942||Similar Items|
|Author||גלבורד חיים||Similar Items|
|Date of event||18/01/1948||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
Chaim Gelbord, a native of Kaunas (Kovno): his testimony on his experiences in the Kovno ghetto and in the Riga ghetto.
12 pages, handwritten, in Yiddish; recorded on Jan. 18, 1948.
In February 1942 while in the Kovno ghetto, Gelbord’s mother was taken for forced labor in the Riga ghetto. In an Aktion roundup on Oct. 20, 1942, Gelbord and his sister were abducted and taken also to Riga. He describes the structure of the ghetto and the complex relations between the residents of the “German ghetto” and those of the “Small Ghetto.” Commandant of both ghettos was SS – Obersturmfuehrer (Senior Assault Leader) Kurt Krause, who was known for his cruelty. After a period of dwelling in the ghetto, Gelbord was transferred to work at the Spilwe military airfield (a subcamp of the Kaiserwald camp), near Riga, where Jews from Kovno were interned in separate camps, men separate from women. In late 1942, a roundup Aktion was held in the ghetto; among those murdered were the Jewish policemen on the ghetto’s internal police force.
In the summer of 1943 the Germans began liquidating the ghetto. Many of its residents were sent off to various forced labor camps. The boundaries of the ghetto grounds were reduced, but the area of the Spilwe camp was expanded. In July 1944, a group of some thousand inmates from Spilwe were transferred to Panevezys, Lithuania, Gelbord among them. As the Russian front neared, he was [among those] sent to the Stutthof camp and from there to the No. 2 camp at Landsberg. Close