Search > Search Results > Yerachmiel Korb: his testimony about a labor camp near Aduti ...
|Catalog No.||6352||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Yerachmiel Korb: his testimony about a labor camp near Adutiskis, the Dukstas camp, the Svencionys ghetto, and Salakas||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20742ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||קורב חיים: עדויות על מחנה עבודה ליד איגנלינה, על מחנה דוקשט, על גטו סוונציאני ועל סלוק||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|From Date||22/06/1941||Similar Items|
|Author||קורב ירחמיאל||Similar Items|
|Date of event||04/07/1946||Similar Items|
|Date of event||09/07/1946||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
1) Yerachmiel Korb: his testimony about a forced labor camp of the “Organization Todt” near Ignalina, Lithuania. The testimony was recorded in Munich (Muenchen) on July 4, 1946. One page, handwritten by Kaplan, in Yiddish.
2) Yerachmiel Korb: his testimony about the Dukstas camp. The testimony was recorded in Munich (Muenchen) on July 9, 1946. One page, handwritten by Kaplan, in Yiddish.
3) Yerachmiel Korb: his testimony about the Svencionys ghetto. A total of nine pages, handwritten by Kaplan, in Yiddish: a two - page synopsis recorded in Munich (Muenchen) on July 9, 1946, and the full - length version, undated, written in a Munich hospital.
Synopsis originally from Holdings Registry file No. 20841 in the GFH Archives.
4) Yerachmiel Korb: his testimony about Salakas. Undated; three pages, typewritten, in Hebrew.*
* The file also includes a three - page handwritten copy.
1( The labor camp of the “Organization Todt” was in operation from April 1942 through the end of March 1942. There were some 150 inmates at forced labor who came from Vilnius (Vilna), Smorgon, and Oshmyany, made to work at felling trees. In late 1942 many of them contracted typhus and were transferred to the Svencionys ghetto. In their place Jews were brought from Viedziai, Druysk, and Dubinovo (Dubina). The Germans treated them well, and the German commandant of the camp allowed the Jews to go out occasionally to villages in the vicinity. In late March 1943, all the laborers were sent to Svencionys except for two who remained alive: Lejb Tvorecki of Viedziai and Szeine Feigin from Druysk.
2) Inmates of the Dukstas camp, that was in operation from July 1942, came from Viedziai, Wroclaw (Breslau), and several from Daugavpils (Dvinsk). The commandant, Schultz, was known for cruelly abusing the inmates. The latter were put to work 18 to 20 hours per day and were kept in starvation conditions. Lithuanians from Kukstas and Jews from the Svencionys ghetto brought food to the inmates. In late March 1943 the camp was liquidated, and its inmates (some 150 Jews) were sent to Svencionys and from there to Ponary. [In a riot that took place upon their arrival at the railway station] dozens of Jews succeeded in escaping and hid in the woods. [Some returned to the Vilna ghetto.] Many others were killed.
3) Upon the German invasion of the USSR on June 22, 1941, nationalist Lithuanians took power in Svencionys. The city was conquered by the Germans on June 30 of that year. Various edicts were imposed on the Jews, and they were sent to forced labor. The Jewish civic activist Dr. Kovarski was executed.* 99 Jews were taken on a pretext and slaughtered near the city. The German commander [Julius] Beck appointed a Judenrat [Jewish Council] headed by Szuchman [sic; Szechman]. On Sept. 27, 1941, the Jews were taken from their homes and brought to a large field outside the city. Korb succeeded in escaping to Lyntupy. From the field where the Jews were congregated, 170 men [? or people] were selected, declared “utilizable,” and sent back to Svencionys. The rest were sent to the Poligon (Poligonowo) camp. The next day, some 70 of those who remained in the city were likewise sent to Poligon. To that camp, Jews came from the nearby towns: Ignalina, Adutiskis (Hoduciszki), Mielegjani, Svencioneliai (Nowe Sweciany), Stoyatsishki (Stajetiske), Ceikinai, Pabrade (Podbrodz), Naujasis Daugeliskis (Daugeliszki), and Kaltinenai. Every few days groups were taken from there and murdered. Baruch Gendel from Svencionys attempted suicide when they came to take him, and the Germans killed him with a hand grenade. Muraskin, a barber from Svencionys, was shot when he began to protest. The head of the Svencionys yeshiva was shot in a pit while wearing his prayer shawl, and Rabbi Mose - Aharon Chayat from Ignalina was brought dying to the pit and shot there. On Oct. 8, 1941 there was no living soul left in the Poligon camp.
In Svencionys a new Judenrat was appointed. Among its members: Dr. Tarasynski; Mose Gordin; Dr. Kopeliovic;** Levin, who was included to the discontent of the Jews, and others. Shortly thereafter Levin was shot. Also the attorney Sachanovic from Anyksciai was shot. Jews from Svir also came to Svencionys.
[In February 1942] a group of young people formed an underground organization. On May 13, 1942, Gerson Bak was wounded by a misfired weapon. He and the shooter, Reuven Miadzalski, turned themselves in to the Germans and were executed on May 16, 1942. Rumors of the approaching liquidation of the ghetto increased.
On the eve of the Sukkoth holiday [Sept. 25, 1942 - ed.], the approx. 1300 Jews remaining in the Viedziai ghetto were evacuated to Svencionys. A typhus epidemic broke out in the ghetto. The physicians attempted to conceal the epidemic to prevent the ghetto’s liquidation.
On March 23, 1943, Jacob Gens, head of the Vilna ghetto Judenrat, came to Svencionys. He informed the people there that the Svencionys ghetto would be liquidated and its inhabitants transferred to the ghettos of Vilna and Kovno. [On April 4, 1943] the transport set out. In Vilna some of the Jews got off the train and it continued on its journey. But instead of continuing to Kovno it stopped at Ponar. The Jews on the train attempted an uprising. Many were killed, others fled to the Vilna ghetto or to the forests. The remainder of the Jews from the Svencionys ghetto and other ghettos, some 3,800 people, were brought to the killing pits and slaughtered.
*Possibly referring to Dr. Binyamin Kovarski.
** Possibly referring to Dr. Jakov Kopeliovic.
4) Upon Germany’s invasion of the USSR on June 22, 1941, the Jews of Salakas suffered open antisemitism from their Lithuanian neighbors. After its conquest on June 29, 1941, edicts were imposed on the Jews. [On Aug. 2, 1941,] the Jews of the town were congregated and taken to the Sungardas forest. Some 120 of them were taken to the town of Paezeriai, and on Aug. 9, 1941, they were slaughtered in a forest near the village of Rakenai. Among the victims: Jakov - Josef Stein and his family; Eliahu Brojda, founder of the People’s bank and one of the town’s intellectuals, and his family; the head of the yeshiva, who was the son of the Rabbi of Daugai; the families of Perec Korb and Elchanan Korb; civic leader Pesach Lapjaka; and the erudite Torah sage Aba - Lejb Margalit; the remainder of the Jews were sent back to Salakas and herded into the ghetto. By order of the Germans another Judenrat was set up in the town; among its members: the town’s rabbi Feibusch Gilinski and Avraham Bach.
On Aug. 26, 1941, all the Jews were gathered in the marketplace on the pretext of going out to forced labor. They spent the night outdoors without shelter, and in the morning the slaughter began. Some half kilometer from the road connecting Deguciai and Dusetos (Dusetai), the victims were taken to deep pits and there were shot. No one survived. Two of the Lithuanian wagoneers who transported the victims lost their minds from hearing the shots of the murder victims. The shooting was done by Lithuanians. Close