|Catalog No.||6358||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Dov Sminzon: his testimony about the Siauliai ghetto||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20756ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||עדותו של דב שמינזון על גטו שאוולי||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|From Date||15/08/1943||Similar Items|
|To Date||19/07/1944||Similar Items|
|Author||שמינזון דב||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
Dov Sminzon: his detailed testimony about the events in the Siauliai ghetto, Lithuania, from August 1943 onward. Sminzon focuses on the ghetto's being turned into a concentration camp and the Aktion roundup of children. 33 pages, typewritten, in Yiddish; undated.
In September 1943, the ghetto came under SS authority and SS - Hauptsturmfuehrer (Captain) Foerster was appointed commandant. By his orders some 2,500 Jews were deported to five labor camps: the airfield, [the Linkaiciai military base], a brickyard in Daugailiai, a camp in Pavenciai near a sugar factory, [lime pits in Akmene, and a camp that was opened later near the Gubernija factory.] Foerster explained that this move was for work efficiency, but there was a great panic in the ghetto. Some 2,000 people remained in the ghetto and they were put to work in the leather factory and the "Bata" factory. The two ghettos were unified, and the crowding became unbearable.
The children's Aktion (roundup for deportation) was carried out on Nov. 5, 1943. After the workers went out to their workplaces, only children, the elderly, and the sick remained in the surrounded ghetto; Foerster commanded the Jewish police to gather up the children, but they returned empty - handed. At that point Germans and Lithuanians entered the ghetto and took the children cruelly. The Germans promised that they were being transferred to children's homes in Germany and that the elderly would go along to accompany them. The elderly Dr. Rozovski was taken from the hospital and added to the transport. Judenrat members Aharon Katz and B. Kartun didn't believe Foester's promises and themselves accompanied the transport to so as to see with their own eyes where the children were being taken. Children were also taken from the labor camps. Some 800 people were taken from the ghetto that day, mostly children.
In July 1944 the ghetto was liquidated. Most of the Jews were sent on transport to the Stutthof camp and other camps. Close