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|Catalog No.||6364||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Moshe Hechter, native of Anyksciai, LIthuania: his testimony about the Siauliai ghetto and the Daugailiai camp||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20759ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||עדותו של משה הכטר, יליד אניקשט, ליטא, על גטו שאוולי ומחנה דאוגל||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|To Date||08/07/1944||Similar Items|
|Author||הכטר משה||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
Moshe Hechter, a native of Anyksciai, Lithuania: his testimony about the Siauliai ghetto and the Daugailiai camp. Undated.
23 pages, handwritten, in Yiddish.
On Nov. 30, 1943, some 250 people, 30 of whom were children, were concentrated in the Siauliai ghetto and sent on a transport to Daugailiai. The transport was supervised by commandant Foerster. The inmates were put in a stable with harsh conditions and crowding. A Lithuanian, Vitautas Sirotavicus, was the owner of the factories in the camp. Twenty Lithuanians guarded the camp, and in command of them was one German and his aide. In the early days it was possible to go out to a village in the vicinity, but after an incident in which a young man named Kusjelevski was shot for leaving the camp, and another incident involving two young men, the inmates no longer went out to the village. The Jewish “Lager - Aelteste” (camp elder), Pinchas Zak, and the two policemen who helped him, Nisan Ser and Jacob Suster, kept order in the camp. David Fajn was in charge of the work roster. 30 people were sent out to work in the sugar factory in Pavenciai and the remainder remained in Daugailiai and were put to work at a sawmill, a brickworks, and at other forced labor.
On November 4, 1943, Foerster arrived and conducted a search for children. He caught nine, added to them five adult women, and sent them to Siauliai. On Nov. 5, 1943 they were sent with the remainder of the ghetto’s children, to their deaths.
There was underground activity in the camp in coordination with Jews in the ghetto and with partisans, and rifles, hand grenades, and handguns were cached.
On July 6, 1944, the commander of the Siauliai ghetto came to the camp. He announced that in three more days the camp’s inmates would be evacuated to Germany. Five inmates escaped to the forest. According to the plan, these five were to have attacked the Lithuanian police and enable the escape of the remainder of the inmates. Actually the Germans discovered the plan, increased the guard, and due to differences of opinion between the inmates, nothing came of their escape. The evacuation was moved up a day, and on July 8, 1944, the inmates were evacuated to Siauliai. Close