|Catalog No.||6365||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Brajne Dukst: her testimony about the Siauliai ghetto||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20757ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||עדותה של בריינה דוקסט על גטו שאוולי||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Interviewer||שפירא צילה||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|Author||דוקסט בריינה||Similar Items|
|Date of event||22/09/1947||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
Brajne Dukst, born in Riga in 1906,* her testimony about the Siauliai ghetto in Lithuania. Testimony taken in the Landsberg DP camp on Sept. 22, 1947, by Cila Shapira.
12 pages, handwritten, in Yiddish.
*She was living in Siauliai since 1910.
Dukst describes Jewish life in pre-war Siauliai. Approx. a month after the Germans entered Siauliai the first mass slaughter was perpetrated.** In August 1941 two ghettos were set up in Siauliai and a Judenrat was appointed, headed by Mendel Leibovicz. Other members were [Aharon] Kac, [B.] Kartun, and [Slerin]. The Judenrat members did their utmost to help the Jews in the ghetto, although Gens, the chief of its Jewish police force, would beat Jews who smuggled food into the ghetto. (The other officers on the force did not behave as Gens did.) One Dukst was apprehended by a Lithuanian policeman in her attempt to smuggle food to her children. She was beaten , turned over to the Gestapo, and thrown in jail, but was released after the intervention of Judenrat members.
In the summer of 1942 the two ghettos were unified. [On Nov. 5, 1943] an Aktion was carried out against the ghetto’s children. The Ukrainians and the Lithuanians threw the children into a waiting truck. Judenrat member Katz asked where they were being taken, and in reply was himself shoved into the truck. Kartun went along of his own volition. The victims were boarded onto a boxcar, and their cries split the skies. Dukst recounts that the children were taken to the Dachau camp and there they perished.
About two months later, another Aktion was conducted. Some 2,000 Jews were taken to a forest beside Kursenai and were slaughtered there. Some 1,500 people remained in the ghetto, most of them in required occupations.
In June 1943 a transport was sent to the Stutthof camp.
** According to other testimonies, this had already occurred on June 28, 1941, that is to say: two days after the Germans arrived at Siauliai the community notables were murdered, and during the first two weeks of the German occupation some thousand people were killed. Close