Search > Search Results > Chaim Maryampolski: his testimony about the Siauliai ghetto ...
|Catalog No.||6367||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Chaim Maryampolski: his testimony about the Siauliai ghetto and in camps in Germany||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20763ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||עדותו של חיים מריימפולסקי, שנולד בטווריג, ליטא, על גטו שאוולי ועל מחנות בגרמניה||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|From Date||22/06/1941||Similar Items|
|To Date||17/01/1946||Similar Items|
|Author||מריימפולסקי חיים||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
Chaim Maryampolski, native of Taurage, Lithuania: His testimony about the Siauliai ghetto and camps in Germany. The testimony was listed in response to a questionnaire for refugees of camps; undated. Eight pages, handwritten, in Hebrew.
Before the war Maryampolski was principal of a Hebrew academic secondary school in Taurage. On June 22, 1941, he fled Siauliai and got as far as Obeliai (Abeli), near the Latvian border, although the Russians didn’t allow him to cross the border. After several intermediate stops in Rokiskis and Birzai, he got to Siauliai. For a period he succeeded in hiding until on Aug. 19, 1941 he was made to enter the ghetto. In the ghetto he was the administrative director of the hospital.
On July 17, 1944, upon the liquidation of the ghetto, Maryampolski, his wife, and her aunt were sent on a transport to an unknown destination. The journey went on for several days, and on July 25 they reached the Stutthof camp, where the Germans separated the men, women, and children. After about a month he was transferred to the Muehldorf camp, a subcamp of Dachau. Upon arriving in the camp he was issued striped pyjamas and wooden shoes. In the first month the food rations distributed to the inmates were reasonable, but from the month of October they were severely limited. 160 to 200 people lived in one “block” (barracks building). The bunks were stacked two and three high. At first each inmate had his own bunk, but in time they were forced to share, two or even three to a bunk. They worked 10 - 12 hours per day loading sacks of concrete, bricks, and beams, overseen by Kapos, some of whom were especially cruel. [Several of them are mentioned by their nicknames.] Several of them had Jewish helpers. Disease, abuse, tortures, and starvation took their toll of many.
A Hungarian Jew, Vaisblit, informed on Maryampolsky that the latter had stolen tobacco, and as a result of this false accusation M. was sent to the Mittergars camp in December 1944, another subcamp of Dachau. Conditions there were even more harsh. Almost every month a Selektion was conducted, and the sick and weak were sent for extermination. For the most part the Lithuanian Jews helped each other. Mordechai Kovolovic from Taurage lent support to Maryampolski, encouraged him, and even gave him some of his own bread.
On April 31, [sic], 1945, the eve of the Lag B’Omer holiday, the camp was liberated by the American army. Maryampolski was transferred to the Feldafing DP camp, and on January 17, 1946, the holiday of Tu Bishvat, he emigrated to Mandate Palestine. Close