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|Catalog No.||27960||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||The history of the Jewish community in Mezokovesd, Hungary; and memoirs of survivors from there||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||27960רמ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Avni Yakov||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|Period||Before World War II||Similar Items|
|databank||Holdings Registry||Similar Items|
The history of the Jewish community in Mezokovesd, Hungary, and memoirs of residents who survived the Holocaust
Typewritten copy, in Hebrew
In this file:
1) Memoirs of Gyorgy Steiner (later Yakov Avni), b. 1923 in Mezokovesd. In 1940 his father was conscripted by the Hungarian authorities for forced labor. Steiner describes the behavior of Hungarians, members of the “Arrow Cross” organization, whose acts were no less cruel than the Germans. When the Germans entered, Gyorgy and his brother were also sent to forced labor camps. His brother was beaten to death. His mother, his sister and her infant son were killed by asphyxiation in the gas chambers of the Auschwitz camp. By extraordinary coincidence Steiner met up with his father after they hadn’t seen each other in a long while, and joined the latter’s forced labor group that was taken westward, to Austria. In a camp in Austria his father died of hypothermia several weeks before the liberation. Before his death he made his son swear not to remain in Hungary but to emigrate to Eretz Israel. Steiner was brought to the Mauthausen camp and from there to the Gunskirchen camp. The conditions in those two camps were unbearable. On 4 May 1945 the camp was liberated by soldiers of the 71st Armored [sic; Infantry] division of the American army. Of the 1074 Jews from Mezokovesd, 891 had been murdered. Of Steiner’s immediate and extended family, he was the sole survivor.
2) A list of Mezokovesd residents who perished, prepared from memory by Yakov Avni (Steiner), with the names of his relatives, and additional lists of names, including forced laborers from Mezokovesd on the Russian front; material about commemorating the community.
3) Memoirs of Yehudit Groszman - Schwartz, a native of Mezokovesd, about the Jewish community there before WWII.
4) Memoirs of Mordechai Shaltiel: about the town of Mezokovesd where he was born, and his experiences during WWII; he note the names of some townspeople.
5) Testimony of Yehosua Schwartz about the Jewish community of Mezokovesd. Close