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|Catalog No.||6362||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Chana Gafnovitz - Preiss: her testimony about the Malken camp, a death march, and the Pruszcz Gdanski camp||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20762ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||עדותה של חנה גפנוביץ' – פרייס על מחנה מלקן, על צעדת המוות ועל מחנה פרושץ' גדנסקי||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|To Date||24/03/1945||Similar Items|
|Author||גפנוביץ' - פרייס חנה||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
Chana Gafnovicz - Preis, a nurse by profession: her testimony about the Malkin [sic; Malken] camp, a death march, and the Praust [Pruszcz Gdanski] camp. Undated.
Three pages, Hebrew, in Kaplan’s handwriting.
Gafnovicz - Preis began her trail of distress in the Siauliai ghetto, Lithuania. From there she was deported to the Stutthof camp, from which after three weeks she was transferred to the Derbek [?] camp. After six weeks there she was taken to Malken where she worked in the infirmary barracks, under the command of an SS staffer. The acting physician was a Jewish woman, a dentist from Czechoslovakia. In the absence of medical equipment and medications the number of patients grew, especially in the winter, but the death rate wasn’t high. At the conclusion of the daily roll call the women patients and staff were occasionally taken out to work. The wife of Dr. Navriski died of diptheria.
In late December 1944 or the beginning of January 1945 the women inmates of the camp were sent out on a death march. In fierce cold and snow, without food and wearing only the thinnest clothing, they marched many kilometers. Many women fell exhausted and freezing on the side of the road, and others went insane. At night they slept in cowsheds in cramped conditions. In one of these, Gafnovicz - Preis pressed herself against a calf to keep warm.
The women continued on their march until they reached the Praust camp in the vicinity of Gdansk (Danzig). Conditions in the camp, that was situated near an airfield, were harsh. In the Praust camp Gafnovicz - Preis encountered the teacher Chaya Goldberg, a native of Prienai, who had also taught in Siauliai, and Nechama Grin, a kindergarten teacher from Siauliai; these two women died in Praust. The wife of Mendel Leibovicz* of Siauliai hanged herself; the other women of the Leibovicz family died in this camp too.
In early March the Russians began bombarding Danzig. Fearing that the airfield would also come under attack, the women inmates fled to adjoining fields [after the Germans had already abandoned the place]. Sick women who were unable to flee came under attack, and were wounded or killed. After the attack, the women returned to the abandoned camp, and three days later, on March 24, 1045, they were liberated by the Soviet Red Army.
*Possibly referring to engineer Mendel Leibovicz who was head of the Judenrat in the Siauliai ghetto. Close