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|Catalog No.||6369||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Jacob Machat, Siauliai ghetto: his testimony about deportation to the camps||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20760ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||עדותו של יעקב מחט על הגירוש למחנות||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|From Date||24/07/1944||Similar Items|
|To Date||05/05/1945||Similar Items|
|Author||מחט יעקב||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
Jacob Machat, from the Siauliai ghetto, Lithuania: His testimony about deportation to camps. Undated. Two pages, in Kaplan’s illegible handwriting, in Yiddish.
On July 24,* Machat was sent with some ninety men and women to the Kaiserwald camp. [M. lists the names of several of the people who were on this trasnport with him. On July 28, a Selektion was conducted in the Kaiserwald camp, to which his parents had been taken. On Aug. 6, with the Russian front approaching, the inmates were evacuated on foot, a march of three days, to Gdansk (Danzig), and from there transferred by ship to the Stutthof camp. From his original group, 13 people remained. On Aug. 24 he was taken to the Buchenwald camp. On Sept. 6 he was transferred to work in the “Brabag” plant, a synthetic gasoline factory in the Troeglitz camp near Rehmsdorf, Saxony.** Conditions in the camp were dreadful and the mortality was high. On March 25, 1945, with the Soviet Red Army approaching, they were transported by train to Reitzenhain in Lower Saxony, near the Czech border. From there several captives succeeded in escaping. Some were captured and shot in the forest by [SS] Werewolf units,*** and some, including Machat, fled to nearby Marienberg. On May 5, 1945, they were liberated by the Russians. [Here Machat lists the names of several individuals and notes what became of them.]
* Apparently referring to 1944.
** A subcamp of Buchenwald.
*** This was a guerrilla organization set up by the SS in the final months of the war, whose objective was to carry out sabotage operations against the approaching enemy and to liquidate collaborators. It began operations in Germany in April 1945; on the Eastern Front it commenced its activities even earlier. Close