|Catalog No.||6383||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Sima Magid: her testimony on Telsiai||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20783ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||עדותה של סימה מגיד על טלז||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Interviewer||ווערי גיטא בי||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|To Date||05/11/1944||Similar Items|
|Author||מגיד סימה||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
Sima Magid, born in Luoke in 1911: her testimony about her experiences during the wartime period and of the Jews of her city, Telsiai, Lithuania. Testimony taken by Gita Veri - Bi in April 1947. 12 pages in Yiddish, pages 1, 4, and 5 handwritten, the rest typewritten.
About a week after the German invasion of Lithuania, the Jews of Telsiai and vicinity, some 6,000 people, were put into two camps: Rainiai and Viesvenai. The men went out to forced labor. On July 18, 1941, several Germans and Lithuanians appeared [in the Rainiai camp], gathered the men in the square and ordered them to perform various “calisthenics exercises.” Dr. Ickovicz, Dr. Traub and another man, who didn’t keep up with the pace, were shot on the spot. The abuse continued for over an hour, and then they were sent to the stables that served as their quarters. After five minutes they were summoned to go out again. Of the 2,000 men 73 were selected; they were sent to dig pits and didn’t return. On 20 Tammuz 5701 [July 15, 1941], the men remaining in the camp were taken out. They were told to strip, were taken to a wooded grove, and shot. The sounds of the shooting were heard in the camp. The women and children from Rainiai and Viesvenai were transferred to the Geruliai camp. They were quartered in stables, in harsh conditions, without food, and suffered abuses. Magid and her son worked at a peasant’s until Aug. 30, 1941.
At the end of August 500 women were transferred to Telsiai. The remaining women and the children, some 2,400 in number, were shot. In Telsiai only two men remained: the physicians Dr. [Moshe] Blatt and Dr. Kaplan. The women and children who worked in villages were ordered to return to Telsiai. For fear of being executed, many of them attempted to escape to the forest. Magid and her son returned to the ghetto but after five days went out again to work in the village.
On December 10, 1941, Magid learned that the ghetto would soon be liquidated. She and her son, along with another four women and two children, found a hiding place at a peasant’s, for pay. On Dec. 22, 1941, all the women in the ghetto were slaughtered. After three months in hiding (in a stable, behind a double wall), they were obliged to leave. They went to the Velniapelke Forest and found shelter with a peasant couple who lived in a hut. They went from there to another hiding place, but after eight months had to leave. They went to Uzventis, where the women parted from each other. Magid and her son hid at [the home of] a peasant, but his wife, suspecting they’d be discovered at her [home], chased them away. A neighbor, Kumietis, took pity on them and built them a hideout. They remained there until the liberation on Nov. 5, 1944. Close