|Catalog No.||6386||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Reuven Kronik: his testimony about the town of Sirvintos||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20794ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||עדותו של ראובן קרוניק על העיירה שירווינט||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|To Date||05/09/1941||Similar Items|
|Author||קרוניק ראובן||Similar Items|
|Date of event||05/01/1954||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
Reuven Kronik: his testimony on the town of Sirvintos, Lithuania. Jan. 5, 1954, Two pages, Hebrew, in Kaplan’s handwriting.
Upon the outbreak of war between Germany and the USSR, many Jews fled Sirvintos for villages in the countryside. On July 1, 1941, the Germans conquered the city and ordered the Jews to return to it. Janok, a Lithuanian who had associated closely with Jews and made his living from [working in] their homes, told the Germans the location of the synagogues and prayer halls, and the Germans set these on fire. (After the liberation, Janok was shot by the Russians.) The Germans remained in Sirvintos only a few days and then transferred local control to Lithuanians. A short while after that, 25 Jews and Lithuanians who were suspected of Communism were arrested and taken to a prison [or jail] in Vilkomir (Ukmerge). The Lithuanians among them were punished with beatings, and the Jews were executed. In addition to them, the photographer Reismann was arrested on the same charge. The Lithuanians ordered him to bring them 300 rubles, brought him to the forest, and shot him. The next day they forced two young men to dig him a grave. Several days later, they abducted one [f.] of Reismann’s neighbors, put her into a sack, dragged her to the forest and murdered her. According to rumors, she had raised their ire because she told people about Reismann’s 300 rubles. In mid-July, Jewish young men and young women were sent to work at agricultural labor on the Sasuoliai [? tentative identification] estate.* From time to time a group of 20 to 25 Jews was selected from among them and taken to the prison in Vilkomir. From there they were taken to their deaths. In late August the Jews of Servintos were herded into several dilapidated houses in the old part of the town, near the bathhouse and slaughterhouse. The elderly rabbi, R. Avraham - Arje Grossbard, his son - in - law Zundl Kruk, and other Jewish notables of the town attempted to restore community life somewhat, but to no avail: several days after the ghetto was set up, the Lithuanians robbed the Jews of their money and valuables, and on Friday, 13 Elul 5701 [Sept. 5, 1941] they were taken to the Pivonija forest near Vilkomir and slaughtered them along with thousands of Jews from locales in the vicinity.
*Possibly referring to Sasuoliai, a populated locale some 10 km north of Sirvintos. Close