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|Catalog No.||6391||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Testimony of an unidentified individual about the town of Radun||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20792ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||עדותו של אלמוני על העיירה רדון||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
An unidentified man from the town of Radun, in the Novogrudok (Novogrudek) district). Undated; 18 pages, handwritten, in Yiddish.
Radun was noted for the “Hafez Hayyim” Yeshiva located there. In November 1941 a ghetto was established. Besides the local Jews, Jews were brought there from the nearby locales and those who had fled Lida and Lithuania: altogether some 1,800 persons. The German commandant was H. Lizak. Towards evening on May 7, 1942, policemen from neighboring towns entered Radun. A delegation sent by the Jews approached the Polish authority and asked what was to happen, but the Pole gave them no answer. The next morning at 4 o’clock the ghetto was surrounded. The regional police inspector, a liberal Pole, went among the Jews’ houses and suggested they removed their Jewish badges and save themselves. By various ways the Jews tried to find hiding places for themselves or to flee, but in most cases this was prevented by the local inhabitants. Groups returning from work at midday were beaten bloody. On the eve of the Sabbath [May 8, 1942], shots were heard in the ghetto. Jews who tried to flee under cover of darkness were shot, but some succeeded in escaping. On Saturday, the Jews’ livestock were confiscated. In the evening the ghetto’s area was reduced, and those expelled from their homes were not allowed to take anything with them. On Sunday, May 10, 1942, the chairman of the Judenrat ordered the conscription of 70 men, equipped with hoes. Three Germans, seven policemen, and a commander mounted on horseback brought the group to the Jewish cemetery. When the Jews were ordered to dig pit, several Jews attacked the police with their hoes. In the ensuing chaos 65 Jews managed to escape; the remaining five were shot.* The guards returned to the ghetto and brought to the cemetery another, smaller group, under heavier guard. They repeated this act several times until there were 70 people [or men] and ordered them to dig a mass grave. Many from the ghetto attempted to hide, [the writer] among them. From his hiding place he saw how Jews were taken from their homes. The victims were brought to the mass grave and made to sit on the floor. Those Jews who knew a trade were taken from the group and allowed to return to the ghetto accompanied by their families. On that day, 1,050 Jews of Radun were shot and buried in mass graves.
*According to one testimony, 17 people escaped. Close