|Catalog No.||6393||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Kalvarija: an essay about the fate of its Jews||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20799ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||חיבור על גורל יהודי קלווריה||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|From Date||22/06/1941||Similar Items|
|Author||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
An essay by Kaplan about the fate of the Jews of Kalvarija, Lithuania, according to the testimonies of Dov - Menase Krengel and Yitzhak - Pinchas Geleris. Undated; two pages, in Hebrew (two copies: a handwritten copy  and typewritten ).
On June 22, 1941, the day war broke out between Germany and the USSR, the Germans entered Kalvarija. The Lithuanian police published various edicts [against the Jews]. Each day Jews were taken for forced labor. And on the way their escorts abused them in view of their Lithuanian neighbors. On July 3, 1941, the Jews with higher education and everyone (Jew or Lithuanian) suspected of being a Communist were rounded up in the Zdrojevicz [sic; Zdarouvitz] Hotel, totaling some 90 Lithuanians and 27 Jews, and were beaten and tortured for two days. On July 5, 1941, they were taken to an adjacent hill, to Lake Orios, and shot to death into pits. Among those murdered: Josef Melech, Hirsz Landau, Israel Krengel, Yechezkel bas, Yechezkel Edelstein, Jacob Sinenski, Alter Kaplan, Lejb wigdorowic, and Miss Berenstein.
On Saturday, Aug. 30, 1941, all the city’s Jews were taken in wagons to the barracks at Marijampole where they joined the Jews of communities in the vicinity: Marijampole, Kazlu - Ruda, Prienai, Liudvinavas, and others. On Sept. 1, 1941, they were taken to the banks of the Sesupe River and shot into pits that had been prepared in advance. The few who succeeded in getting away were caught by Lithuanians and murdered. Mordechai Gulbas and members of his family, who succeeded in hiding for three months, were caught and shot in public in the market square. After the city was emptied of its Jews, the Lithuanians held a big celebration. To mark the event, a special concert was played. The leading priest of Kalvarija, Kropaviczius [and other Lithuanians], destroyed Jewish shops adjacent to the church and made an open space in the shape of a cross. With the bricks of the destroyed houses they built a wall around the church. The cemetery was ruined and Jews’ homes were torched. Only the synagogue and prayer hall remained standing, but the Lithuanians turned them into grain warehouses. Krengel and members of his family managed to hide during the entire wartime period. After the Liberation they returned to the town and stayed there three months. Close