|Catalog No.||6404||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Seirijai, Lithuania: events that befell the town's Jews||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20804ר"מ||Similar Items|
|Donor||Eilati Shalom||Similar Items|
|File name||קורות יהודי סרהיי, ליטא||Similar Items|
|Collection||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|From Date||24/06/1941||Similar Items|
|Author||Kaplan Israel||Similar Items|
|Date of event||23/07/1957||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
From the Israel Kaplan collection:
1) An essay written by Kaplan about the history of the Jews in the town of Seirijai, Lithuania, during the Holocaust; based on the letters of Icchak - Dov Farbstein and the list of Jakov Lifsic. Undated; in Hebrew, one copy 3 pages handwritten, another copy 4 pages typewritten.
2) A letter written by Eliezer Rosen - Rosenzweig to Israel Kaplan, in which he completes several details of information regarding the Jews of Seirijai. July 23, 1957; one page, typewritten, in Hebrew.
Seirijai was conquered in June 1941 after heavy German bombardment. A significant portion of the city was burned down and destroyed. Jews who lost their homes found shelter in the adjacent farm of Josef Garabarski. Lithuanians began a program of abusing the Jews and taking them for forced labor, primarily road repair. Many young Jews were arrested on suspicion of being Communists and were cruelly murdered. Several days after the conquest, Lithuanians on German orders imprisoned a group of young men and took them away toward Alytus, ostensibly for work. All were slaughtered that same day, including a Jewish carter, Zelig Raczkowski, who was recruited to transport them. Among those murdered in the early weeks of the occupation: Alter Iran, Jankel Kahanovic, and Smuel Jeglinovic. Dr. Hersl Garabarski, a Jewish physician and the son of the farm owner, was murdered by several Lithuanians who hated him. Garabarski, well regarded among the peasants of the vicinity, would treat the sick at no charge and paid for their medications from his own pocket, and his murder shocked the town.
In July 1941, emigres from the town in Kaunas (Kovno) received a letter from Icchak - Cvi Slavaticki, a notable of Seirijai. He wrote that after the murder of Jewish Communists, the Lithuaninas restricted themselves with Jewish [forced] labor, and that no one lacked for bread. Following this optimistic letter, many Jews of independent means returned to the city, and those without means, who couldn’t afford the expense of the trip (as the German prohibition on transporting Jews in vehicles brought about inflated rates), they remained in Kovno, which in retrospect was to their benefit.
On Sept. 11, 1941, all the Jewish men were taken to the Abreisk (Barauciskes) grove, some 3 km southeast of the town, one km from the road to Leipalingis and beside Lake Sagava. There they were shot to death into pits that they themselves had dug several days before. The next day, the women and children were slaughtered in the same place by the same means. The murder of 200 families was carried out by Lithuanians under the command of the former city council head [Valeras] Maskeljunas. The city’s Lithuanian notables (particularly teachers and those with higher education) were spectators of the slaughter, having been invited to observe.
Only a very few of Seirijai’s Jews survived, among them Mose Jeglinovic, Nissan Man, Feige Aminadav and her husband, Icchak - Dov Farbstein, Sonja Kalmanski - Badas and Jechezkel Raczkowski. Close