|Catalog No.||1458||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Diary written by Maria Jacob, born in Cluj, Transylvania||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||08227R"M||Similar Items|
|File name||Jakob Maria - Diary||Similar Items|
|From Date||13/03/1945||Similar Items|
|To Date||18/09/1945||Similar Items|
|Author||Jakob Maria||Similar Items|
|Date of event||1945||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
Diary written by Maria Jacob, born in Cluj, Transylvania. The diary was written throughout March 1945, a month before liberation, at the labor camp Bremen – Obernheide, a sub-camp of Neuengamme, Germany.
51 pages, Handwritten, Romanian, original.
At the end of July 1944 500 Hungarian Jewish women from Auschwitz were brought for forced labor to a sub-camp of Neuengamme at Bremen. They were housed at the stables of the Hindenburg city's barracks and sent to do forced labor - construction, wreckage clearing, work at the factories and more - in the Bremen area.
An additional group of 300 Jewish inmates were brought from Poland on August 1944 but on Sept 26, 1944 the barracks were destroyed in a bombing and all the 800 inmates were transferred to Obernheide, a camp near the town Stuhr. A small group of them was taken to Uphusen camp. From Obernheide they set out every day organized in squadrons to work at different sites around the Bermen area, at first by train or trucks and later by foot. The work continued under constant bombing. On March 31, 1945, when the British army approached, the Germans evacuated the camp and because the train tracks to Neuengamme were wrecked, the women were led (by foot or open carriages) through Uphusen and Verden to Bergen – Belsen. They arrived there on April 7, 1945 only to find cramped and filthy conditions, plagued by disease and high mortality. A week later, on April 15, 1945 they were liberated by the British army.
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