|Catalog No.||20144||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||A group of child refugees from Poland in Tehran.||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||36728p||Similar Items|
|Donor||Dekel Ephraim||Similar Items|
|Donor||Central Zionist Archives||Similar Items|
|Period||After World War II||Similar Items|
|Date of event||1942||Similar Items|
|databank||Photo Archive||Similar Items|
A group of child refugees in Tehran, who had come from Poland. Photographed in late 1942.
From the estate of Ephraim Dekel.
The name "Yaldei Tehran" [Hebrew: Tehran children] was given to a group of some 900 Polish Jewish children, most of them orphans, who arrived in Palestine in February 1943. They came from Jewish families who, fearing the German army, had fled Poland eastward to Soviet territory. Getting the children and their escorts to British - controlled Tehran was made possible by the establishment of the Polish "Anders' Army" whose soldiers, among them many Jews, were Polish refugees in the USSR. The "Anders' Army" and additional thousands of Polish refugees, including the children and their escorts, were sent to Iran. In January 1943, the British authorized the "Tehran children's" immigration to Palestine. They sailed to Karachi, India (now in Pakistan) and from there sailed to Suez in Egypt. Continuing by train, they reached Palestine on February 18 .
"Encyclopedia of the Holocaust" (Yad Vashem, ed. I. Gutman), NY: Macmillan, 1990, vol. 4, pp. 1454 - 1455. Close