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|Catalog No.||42||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Eliahu - Josef Kirszbraun: biography of a leader of the Agudat Israel movement in Poland||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||09456R"M||Similar Items|
|Donor||Kirszbraun Yakov||Similar Items|
|File name||Kirszbraun Eliahu - biography||Similar Items|
|Period||Before World War II||Similar Items|
|From Date||01/01/1900||Similar Items|
|To Date||31/12/1931||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
Collection of Eliahu - Josef Kirszbraun (b. Warsaw 1882 - d. 1931). In the collection:
- his biography in Yiddish, Polish, and English
- speeches he delivered in the Sejm (parliament) in Warsaw in 1922, 1924, 1925, as an elected representative of the Agudat Israel party;
- Laws he proposed that were enacted in the Sejm;
- A eulogy to Kirszbraun published in the newspaper "Beit Yaakov," March 1931;
- Photographs: his funeral, his gravestone that was stolen, and his restored gravestone;
- Photograph: Jewish members of the Sejm during his term of office;
- a genealogical chart of the Kirszbraun family;
- listings and literary appraisals written about him in Hebrew, Polish, and English;
In his biography:
- Religious education he received and general education he obtained;
- His representing Polish Jewry in the world conference of Agudat Israel in Katowice, 1912;
- His swearing-in as a legislator in the Sejm, Nov. 28, 1922, and his election to serve through 1931;
- His leading the Agudat Israel religious movement in Poland and membership in all its principal institutions;
- His sitting on the Executive Committee of the World Agudat Israel;
- His serving as president of the Warsaw Jewish community and a legislator in the Polish parliament;
- His sitting on the Warsaw city council as of Poland's independence;
- His activities as purblic representative in the Warsaw district court and the High Court of Appeals there.
His political efforts on behalf of:
- the war against antisemitism;
- not commandeering Jewish public buildings and synagogues for the Polish army;
- equal rights and religious freedom for the Jewish minority;
- Jewish women's suffrage (right to vote);
- improved conditions of incarceration for Jewish convicts;
- promotion to higher ranks of Jewish soldiers, respecting their religious requirements, and improving their social [i.e. welfare] conditions;
- tax relief for Jews;
- Jewish education's value to equal that of the Polish.
- In esteem for his civic activities, the Polish government awarded Kirszbraun the Order of Poland Reborn (Polonia Restituta).
- He left a widow, Rivka Kirszbraun - Bukszpan, and six children: David Kirszbraun, Alexander Kirszbraun, Avraham - Dov - Banjek Kirszbraun, Rachel - Ruthke Kirszbraun, Jakob Kirszbraun, and a married daughter, Dvora.
- Rachel was killed in September 1939 during the Germans' bombardment of Warsaw.
- Rivka and her children Avraham - Dov and Dvora, and the latter's husband, Ajzik, perished in the Holocaust.
- Alexander emigrated to Mandate Palestine in 1933 and fell in fighting the British in 1942.
- David and Jakob fled to the USSR. Jakob was deported to Siberia, was recruited into the Polish army in 1944, fought the Germans, and took part in the conquest of Germany. In 1948 he emigrated to Israel, took part in the battles to liberate Jerusalem, and was sounded. He married Hemda Galili; the couple had a son and daughter, Eli and Dorith.
- David died in Paris in 2001. Close