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|Catalog No.||71||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||The testimony of Bella Chazan - Yaari (Paris, 1945) concerning her wartime experiences and memoir concerning the courier Frumka Plotnicka||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||00071רמ||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|Author||Chazan Bronia Bella||Similar Items|
|databank||Holdings Registry||Similar Items|
1. The testimony of Bronia – Bella Chazan (later Bella Yaari), collected in Paris in June 1945 by an unknown woman. In her testimony (told in third person), she describes her underground missions to the ghettos of Vilnius, Grodno, Bialystok and Warszawa (Warsaw), and her meetings with Jewish resistance activists such as Mordechai Tenenbaum – Tamaroff, Zwi Mersik and Ida Burkow. She discusses her arrest and internment in the Pawiak prison in Warsaw, her meeting with HeHalutz member Shoshana Grzenda, her time in Auschwitz and the death of the courier Lonka Kozibrodska. She also describes a HeHalutz assembly in Camp B in Auschwitz in Passover 1943 and the digging of a tunnel under the fence in order to smuggle 14 girls who had arrived on a transport from the Terezin and Lodz ghettos. She also describes the actions of Menachem Grabowski in Auschwitz, who had contact with partisans and managed to bribe several groups of Jewish inmates from the camps to the forest. He himself returned to the camp and led a group of Zionist activists and guards. He died of typhus in the camp. Bella was transferred to the Buchewald camp, Germany as a Polish POW in January 1945, from which she was sent to Lepizig, where she was liberated by the American army.
3 pages, print original, in Yiddish
2. Memoirs concerning Frumka Plotnicka, a HaHalutz courier and member of the Jewish underground in Poland, and her wartime activities. Frumka perished with her comrades in Bedzin.
2 pages, typewritten original, in Yiddish
1. The identity of the author of the memoirs is unknown, but it was apparently typewritten on the same typewriter that was used to type Bronia's testimony. Considering the fact that the two women knew each other well, Chazan may be the source of this information.
2. The memoirs were initially registered in file 72 in the Holdings Registry. They were transferred to file 71 in May 2016. Close