|Catalog No.||21060||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Zivia Lubetkin||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||06962p||Similar Items|
|Period||After World War II||Similar Items|
|databank||Photo Archive||Similar Items|
Zivia (Celina) Lubtkin was born in 1914 in Byten, Poland. She was a member of the Dror youth movement's leadership, was among the organizers of the Zionist pioneering underground in occupied Poland, among the founders of the Jewish Fighting Organization and a member of its Headquarters, represented Dror on the Jewish National Committee and the underground's Coordinating Committee in the Warsaw ghetto.
At the age of 16, Zivia joined the Freiheit youth movement in her home town and took an active part in various of its educational programs. She was one of the initiators promoting unification with the He - Chaluts ha - Tsa'ir youth movement, and once the unified movement was established, she moved to Warsaw and became one of its central figures.
Upon the German invasion of Poland, she and her friends relocated eastward, to Kovel in the area under Soviet authority, where she worked to create suitable conditions for absorbing members of the movement's central and training communes that were migrating eastward from all over Poland.
After the Soviet Red Army's invasion of the territory of Eastern Poland, from September 17, 1939, she and some additional comrades undertook a mission to the Romanian border to investigate potential routes for emigration to Palestine.
On December 31, 1939, Zivia participated in a clandestine congress of the Dror movement held in Lvov, where she accepted the movement's assignment to join Frumka Plotnicka in German - occupied Warsaw in working to revive the movement. In Warsaw, Zivia worked in rescue and aided many people. She correctly assessed the first news of the extermination planned for the Jews, and was one of the initiators in forming the underground Jewish Fighting Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa; "ZOB"). During the Warsaw ghetto uprising in April 1943, she was among the central figures directing the ZOB headquarters. When the Uprising faded out, she escaped with other fighters on May 10, 1943 through the sewers to the "Aryan" side of Warsaw. She was among the ZOB members who fought in the Polish uprising of August 1944, and upon its suppression by the Germans, went into hiding until the arrival of the Red Army. She survived and immigrated to Mandatory Palestine.
Lubetkin testified at the 1946 congress of Ha - Kibbutz ha - Meuchad at Yagur and captured the audience's attention outside the conference hall as well.
She married Yitzhak Zuckerman and was among the founders of Kibbutz Lohamei Hagetaot of which she was a member until her death. She was one of the initiators of the Ghetto Fighters' House Holocaust and Resistance Heritage Museum in the name of Itzhak Katzenelson, and among its founders. She died in 1978.
The Zivia and Yitzhak (Antek) Zuckerman Study Center at the Ghetto Fighters' House is dedicated to their memory.
1) Zivia Lubetkin, “In the Days of Destruction and Revolt,” Israel: Ghetto Fighters’ House and Hakibbutz Hameuchad Press (1981)
2) Yitzhak Zuckerman, “A Surplus of Memory: Memoirs of a Resistance Leader,” Berkeley: University of California (1993)
3) Her page on The Partisans Site website of the Ghetto Fighters’ House (www.partisans.co.il) and Holdings Registry file No. 34286 in the GFH Archives. Close