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|Catalog No.||1726||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Isis - Israel Kischka: Menu for the Break - the - Fast Dinner, Yom Kippur, 1941||Similar Items|
|Artist||Kischka Isis - Israel||Similar Items|
|Donor||Kischka Isis - Israel||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|Date of Work||1/10/1941||Similar Items|
|Work specifications/size||16.2X21.3 סמ' חתום ומתוארך אמצע למטה||Similar Items|
|databank||Art Collection||Similar Items|
Isis - Israel Kischka: Menu for the Break - the - Fast Dinner, Yom Kippur, 1941
Inscription: (in French), "Dinner on 1 October 1941. Cucumber salad, boiled eggs and beet, tuna in oil. Bean soup with noodles. Vegetable salad with fresh tomatoes. Jellied chicken and rabbit. Pickled cucumbers and tomatoes. A variety of cheeses. Stewed apples. A variety of jams. Honey cake. Halva and almonds. Brandy, Pernod, Anjou - Vouvray, Red Bordeaux, Bergerac, White Bordeaux, Coffee, Alcohol. Stalag 122.
Inscription on reverse, added by the artist 30 years later: (in French), Schusterman Max -- deported and died. Schusterman Simon -- deported and died. Kigner Abraham -- deported died afterwards. Use -- ? Communist internee. Cimiat Camille -- living. Kirschenstein Leon -- ? Rivinof Marcel -- deported and died. Kischka Isis -- living. Kischka 1971.
Background, upper right: prayer. Lower left: A guard at the gate of the camp.
Kischka was born in Paris on October 26, 1908 to a Jewish family who had immigrated from the Ukraine two years earlier. After completing his studies in commerce he became interested in painting and commenced his art career in 1926, working first as a designer of medals. His main sources of inspiration were Van Gogh and Cezanne. His paintings and colorful lithographs caught the attention of prestigious art critics, and in 1938 his works were exhibited for the first time at major galleries.
In 1941 he was arrested and interned in the Compiegne camp. He painted scenes of the camp and portraits of his fellow inmates, and encouraged other artists among the inmates to do likewise. He was a central figure in the artistic activity of the camp, organizing exhibitions and winning the highest esteem of fellow artists like Jacques Ostrowsky and Savely Schleifer, who dedicated numerous paintings done in the camp to him. From Compiegne he was transferred to the Drancy camp, but was not deported to the death camps.
In the fall of 1944, after 39 months internment, Kischka returned to Paris. Some time after his return he founded, together with art critic Jean Cassou and curator Yvon Bizardel, an association, Artists Witnesses of their Times. The first group exhibition was held in 1951.
Kischka managed to save his paintings from the period of his internment, as well as the works of other artists - Jacques Gotko, David Brainin, Abraham Joseph Berline, Savely Schleifer and Jacques Ostrowsky. He donated several of these works to the art collection of the Ghetto Fighters' House.
In December 1973, Isis - Israel Kischka died in Paris after a severe illness. Close