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|Catalog No.||23350||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Bronka Winicka - Klibanski, a member of the Jewish underground in the Bialystok ghetto.||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||46149p||Similar Items|
|Period||After World War II||Similar Items|
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Bronka Winicka - Klibanski, a member of the Jewish underground in the Bialystok ghetto. She served as a courier for the underground.
Bronia (Bronka) Klibanski (nee Vinitsky) was born on 24 February 1923 in Grodno, Poland. In 1935 she joined the "Dror" Zionist youth movement. In November 1941, following the German occupation, the Grodno Jews were confined to the ghetto. Bronka was taken to forced labor, and used her "Aryan" looks to smuggle goods into the ghetto.
In January 1942 she met Mordechai Tenenbaum - Tamaroff, a Dror leader, who had come to Grodno from Bialystok and told the local members about what happened in the ghettos of Vilnius and Lodz, the Ponary massacre and the Chelmno death camp. In February, Bronka was sent to Bialystok for the first time. Since the spring of 1942, she was serving as a courier. On the last day of 1942 she relocated to the "Aryan" side of Bialystok under an assumed identity. Her Polish name was Jadwiga Szkibel. Her missions were to procure arms and transfer them into the ghetto for a planned revolt, to find a hiding place for the ghetto archive and to receive letters and messages for Tenenbaum - Tamaroff, with whom her relations were getting closer.
On 16 August 1943, when the liquidation of the ghetto began (part of Operation Reinhard), the Bilaystok Ghetto Uprising started. Bronka, who was still on the Aryan side of the city, could not assist her comrades. Most of the rebels, including Tenenbaum - Tamaroff, were killed and the ghetto was destroyed. Bronka joined a group of couriers who tried to save Jews and get them to the partisans in the forests. The couriers were incorporated into partisan units. With the help of the partisans, Bilaystok was liberated by Soviet forces in July 1944.
Bronka moved to Warsaw, where she met Michael Klibanski and married him. In 1949 they immigrated to Israel and settled in Jerusalem. Bronka worked as an archivist at Yad Vashem for many years, and published and edited numerous books and articles about the Holocaust. She died in February 2011.
For further information about her (on file under her later surname), see "The Partisans Site" Web site of the Ghetto Fighters' House, at www.partisans.co.il and Holdings Registry file No. 34078 in the GFH Archives. Close