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|Catalog No.||3171||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||The body of a woman in the eulogy hall of the Lodz ghetto cemetery.||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||10186P||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|Photographer||Grosman Mendel, Lodz||Similar Items|
|Date of event||1942||Similar Items|
|databank||Photo Archive||Similar Items|
The body of a woman in the eulogy hall of the Lodz ghetto cemetery.
1) In September 1942, many Jews were killed during a major Aktion (roundup for deportation) in the ghetto. The photographer Mendel Grosman entered the cemetery despite the strict curfew, and photographed the bodies before their burial.
2) The number on the corpse was for the gravediggers' use, to be put on the grave after the burial. Mendel Grosman put the number on the body for the photograph, to aid the victim's family in identifying the grave afterwards.
3) The Aktion (mass deportations) of September 5 - 12, 1942, lasted eight days, during which the Germans imposed a curfew on the ghetto's quarters, searched them methodically, and deported some 20,000 Jews to their deaths in the Chelmno extermination camp. During the Aktion, hundreds of Jews were killed in the ghetto.
4) This Aktion was named for the Gehsperre (German: curfew). Ghetto residents referred to this week of blood as the "Sperre."
1) Grosman, Mendel, "With a Camera in the Ghetto", NY: Schocken Books, 1977. Foreword by Arie Ben - Menachem. Also in French, "Avec Une Camera dans le Ghetto", Israel: Beit Lohamei Haghettaot/Hakibbboutz Hameouchad, 1979.
2) Dobroszycki, Lucjan, ed., "The Chronicle of the Lodz Ghetto 1941 - 1944," New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984. Close