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|Catalog No.||9611||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||The Kol Nidre prayer, hand - written on a piece of paper in the Bergen - Belsen camp.||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||20517p||Similar Items|
|Donor||Biderman Osi||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|databank||Photo Archive||Similar Items|
The Kol Nidre prayer, handwritten on a piece of paper in the Bergen - Belsen camp.
In September 1944 there were 1684 Jews interned in a special section of the Bergen - Belsen camp, who had departed Hungary by train on June 30 in what became known as the "Kasztner Train," according to the agreement with the SS by which they were to be transported from Hungary to Switzerland.
On the eve of Yom Kippur (September 26, 1944), a Kol Nidre prayer service was conducted in Bergen - Belsen in the presence of Rabbi Paul Weiss (d. August 1998) and other rabbis. The prayer was transcribed from memory, including the proper vowel markings, for use by Jews who didn't remember the text. The writers even took care to refer to the order of the prayer service for reciting the "Maariv" and "Shemoneh Esreh" ("Amidah") prayers. Several inmates in the camp had prayerbooks in their possession, among them Edith - Chedva Frenkel, whose son Zvi had arrived at the camp with his parents. The reference to prayerbooks was placed in parentheses, for the convenience of those praying.
The graphic artist Pesach Irsai - Ir Shai made drawings on cardboard taken from cartons, depicting the synagogue in Bergen - Belsen and daily life there.
This page of prayers was saved by Dr. Ben - Zion Kauders, a Zionist and leader of Hungarian Jewry during the Holocaust period, who participated in the prayers and possibly also was among those who wrote them out. Eventually the page was transferred to the Archives of the Ghetto Fighters' House in Israel.
Dr. Kauders (1907 - 1974), native of Kormend, Hungary, was a graduate of the law faculty of the University of Budapest. In early 1943 he served as the director of the legal department of OMZSA, a Jewish aid organization. He provided legal aid to Jewish victims of discriminatory laws in Hungary, and represented asylum - seeking Jewish refugees in their dealings with the immigration police. Dr. Kauders left Budapest on the "Kasztner Train," was interned in Bergen - Belsen, and immigrated to Mandate Palestine via Switzerland, arriving on September 2, 1945.
Dr. Kauders' activities as vice president of the International B'nai B'rith Organization, as president of B'nai B'rith in Israel, and as chairman of Israel's national organization of Hungarian immigrants, are documented in his personal file in the Ghetto Fighters' House Archive.
The original material is located in the Collections File No. 331 in the Archives of the Ghetto Fighters' House. Close