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|Catalog No.||344||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Lodz ghetto: a New Year's greeting card from Szlomo Lichtenberg to Israel Tabaksblat||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||00399R"M||Similar Items|
|File name||Lichtenberg Szlomo, Lodz ghetto - New Year's Greetings to Israel Tabaksblat||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|From Date||01/01/1940||Similar Items|
|To Date||31/12/1940||Similar Items|
|Author||Lichtenberg Szlomo||Similar Items|
|Date of event||1940||Similar Items|
|databank||Collections Section||Similar Items|
A New Year's greeting card written in 1940 by Szlomo Lichtenberg to Israel Tabaksblat and others in the Lodz ghetto (also mentioning the Jewish New Year 5701, that began on 3 Oct. 1940).
Szlomo Lichtenberg, a teacher, newspaper columnist, and active Zionist, was born in Czemierniki, Poland, on 1 Nov. 1886, to a Chassidic family. In his youth he received a religious education in the yeshiva system. In 1904 he married Rivka - Bruche nee Krol. The couple settled in Zuromin and had three children: daughters Lea and Esthera and son Uziel. Lichtenberg was elected a member of the municipality and eventually headed the local Jewish community. In 1912 he published an article on the situation of Jews in small towns. In time he left the Haredi world and became active in the religious Zionist organization Ha - Mizrachi. Articles and essays he wrote on current events were published in Yiddish newspapers: "Lodzer Tagblat" (Lodz Daily Page), Mizrachi Stimme (Voice of MIzrachi, the movement's official organ) and movement papers published in Warsaw, "Der Mizrachi Weg" and "Ha - Mizrachi."
In 1930 he relocated with his family to Lodz, where he was among the initiators and founders of the Tachkemoni Hebrew Day School there, and worked as a teacher and educator, also as vice-principal. In 1937 his booklet "Chesed Le'umim" was published, an anthology of articles about the 1936 assassination of a German, Wilhelm Gustloff, founder and head of the Nazi Party in Switzerland, by David Frankfurter, a Croatian Jew. In August 1939, his second book, "Mayn Vort" (Yiddish: my word), was published in Lodz.
Lichtberg's children were likewise active in Zionist organizations in Lodz: Lea in the religious movement Ha - Mizrachi, Esthera in the Socialist pioneering youth movement Ha - Shomer ha - Tsa'ir, and Uziel in Ha - No'ar ha - Tsiyyoni (Zionist youth). In early 1940 Szlomo was forced to enter the Lodz ghetto, where he headed the Education Department and taught until the autumn of 1942 when ghetto schools were ordered closed.
Lichtenberg sent the greeting card to Israel Tabaksblat, who headed the Education Department on the ghetto's "Council of Elders" (Aeltestenrat). In the text, Lichtenberg writes to Tabaksblat and his staff that their activity on behalf of education and [particularly] religious education will stand them in good stead with the Master of the Universe on the approaching Yom Kippur. With the liquidation of the Lodz ghetto, Lichtenberg and his family were put to death in the Birkenau camp in the summer of 1944. Tabaksblat survived.
Note: See Collections file No. 326 in the GFH Archives for further information about his son, Uziel Lichtenberg.