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|Catalog No.||12658||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||An underground leaflet in Bulgaria calling for solidarity with the Jews.||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||31502||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|databank||Photo Archive||Similar Items|
An underground broadsheet distributed in Bulgaria, calling for solidarity with the Jews.
The following is rendered from a Hebrew translation of the source Bulgarian:
You [f. pl.], who bear the yoke of hardships of the last war, who are obliged to send your sons far away from home at the orders of Hitler’s henchmen, will you allow it that Jewish children and citizens and your Jewish women neighbors will be sent by force to uncertainty and to death? Stand by the homes of your Jewish neighbors and don’t let them [be] take[n] by force. Give refuge to the children. Don’t send them to the murderers.
[f.] workers and [m.] workers,
You [pl.] who stand in the front ranks of fighting for freedom and independence and against oppression, stand [pl. command] overtly to protect our brethren, the Jewish workers. Go in droves to Jewish neighborhoods and demonstrate solidarity and protest against the oppression of Jewish citizens. Don’t allow the Jewish population to be sent from Sofia and from Bulgaria.
Jews [f.pl. and m. pl.]
Be proud that you [pl.], part of the Bulgarian people, stand heroically […] against Hitlerism. Don’t leave the capital and the country. Prefer heroic combat and death over a death at the hands of the Hitlerite murderer. Take part in droves in the people’s general combat on behalf of the victory of the patriotic front, for the defeat of Hitlerism [in our country]. Victory is near!
Chief of the Communications Bureau
Nikola Dimitrov Petkov
Nikola Petkov (1893 - 1947) was a Bulgarian statesman, among the leaders of the Bulgarian Agrarian People’s Union. He studied Law at the Sorbonne University in Paris, returning to Bulgaria in 1929. He worked as a commentator and newspaper editor. In 1941 he was arrested by the authorities, who were collaborating with Nazi Germany. He was among the initiators of the Fatherland Front, a federation of all the Bulgarian parties that opposed that collaboration, and his party’s representative to the FF. In 1944 he was released and returned to Sofia.
He was a Minister Without Portfolio in the first postwar Bulgarian government. He resigned in 1945 in protest at the attempts at a Communist takeover of the country, and was subsequently in the opposition to the Communist regime. He was charged with anti - Communist activities, arrested in 1947, sentenced to death and executed, despite attempts from western countries to mitigate his punishment. Close