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|Catalog No.||13621||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||Members of the He - Chaluts movement at the Werkdorp Zionist pioneering training center in Wieringermeer||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||08043||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|databank||Photo Archive||Similar Items|
Members of the He - Chaluts movement at the Werkdorp hachshara (Zionist pioneering training center) in Wieringermeer.
The Werkdorp was established on 3 October 1934 at the initiative of G. Flatow, G. van der Berg and the Comite Voor Bijzondere Joodse Belangen (council of Jewish refugees), to advance vocational training in agriculture and crafts for young Jews from Germany. The village could accommodate some 300 people and was run by Jewish financing. The Dutch government stipulated who would be eligible to enter the village, for how long and the code of conduct. Young Jews about to immigrate to Mandate Palestine were accepted, in addition to Jews who were about to immigrate to other countries. From 1939 on more and more members of Zionist youth movements were brought there, including adolescents aged 15 - 17.
On 20 March 1941, the Germans liquidated the Werkdorp. Most of its residents were transferred to Amsterdam. Only 59 people remained in the Werkdorp for necessary agricultural tasks. In late March, some of the members who were sent to Amsterdam were deported to the Mauthausen camp in Austria, while others were moved to farms in the northern Netherlands or remained in Amsterdam.
For further information about the Werkdorp, see files 667, 1004 and 1006 in the Holland Section of the GFH Archives. Close