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|Catalog No.||13936||Similar Items|
|Brief Description||The abuse of Jewish men from Amsterdam before their deportation to the camps.||Similar Items|
|Registry No.||01043||Similar Items|
|Donor||Holland Archive||Similar Items|
|Period||During World War II||Similar Items|
|Date of event||22/02/1941||Similar Items|
|databank||Photo Archive||Similar Items|
The abuse of Jewish men from Amsterdam before their deportation to the camps. Photographed on February 22, 1941, when they were apprehended in a "Razzia" (roundup).
- On that date, 425 Jewish men were brought to the Jonas Daniel Meijerplein (Jonas Daniel Meyer Square) in Amsterdam, where they were subjected to abuse. Then all but a few of them, along with others arrested the following day, were deported to the Mauthausen and Buchenwald camps, where they perished.
The Razzia was conducted as a reprisal for a brawl that broke out in the Jewish Quarter on February 11 between young Jews and rioting members of the WA (Weerafdeling; "Defense Department), the paramilitary arm of the NSB (Nationaal Socialistische Beweging in Nederland; the National Socialist, i.e. Nazi, movement in the Netherlands), and following run - ins on February 19 with German police in a coffee house in the Jewish Quarter.
See a detailed account of these incidents in the Encyclopedia of the Holocaust (ed. I. Gutman), New York: Macmillan, 1990, vol. 3, p. 1048.
- The full name of the WA is otherwise cited as Weerbaarheidsafdeling (Defense Capability Department). Close